Collection - Nazi Rise To Power
Immediately upon Hitler’s rise to power in Germany in 1933, anti-Semitism, known as the longest hatred, hatred of the Jews, was established as a foundation in the hearts and minds of his followers. Nazi racial ideology viewed Jews as “parasitic vermin worthy only of eradication,” and unleashed violent persecution and policies of direct hatred against them through:
- Lies, propaganda, boycotts, and public humiliation
- Removal from education, political and social life
- Anti-Jewish legislation – Nuremberg Race Laws – 1935
- Euthanasia – murder of “inferior, handicapped, useless eaters”
- Confiscation of property and assets
- Forced wearing of the yellow star
- Rise of Hitler Youth – 90% of Germany’s youth
- Kristallnacht – November 9-10, 1938 – government sponsored nationwide pogrom
Other victims of the Nazis included political dissidents, Gypsies, disabled, homosexuals, and Jehovah’s Witnesses.
Thousands of Jews were forced to immigrate and flee in search of refuge, but most nations of the world turned them away.
Rescue Collection Includes:
- Kindertransport – 1938-1940 – Great Britain’s rescue of over 10,000 Jewish children
- St. Louis – May 1939 – “Voyage to Doom” of refugees who were not accepted by United States or Cuba and were eventually admitted by four European nations
- Hidden children – thousands of Jewish children survived this brutal carnage because they were hidden
- 1.5 million children were murdered by the Nazis.
- Anne Frank was in hiding for two years; she kept diaries that are read worldwide. She died diseased in a concentration camp at 15 years old.